Compliance with EU machinery directives

Compliance with the EU Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC

Machines play a vital role both in the engineering industry and in our daily lives. A machine is primarily defined as a set of parts that perform their intended function with a drive system where no human effort is directly applied.

The Machinery Directive (hereafter referred to as the MD) itself covers machinery and a range of equipment related to machinery, such as components intended to provide safety functions, lifting aids, interchangeable equipment for machinery, tractors, etc.

In order to claim that your product complies with the requirements, the product must have a valid "CE" marking attached and a declaration of conformity supported by a technical file must be presented.

EU legislation

MD 2006/42/EC published on 17 May 2006. From 29 December 2009, MD 2006/42/EC became fully applicable in the EU as the main legal framework for machinery.

Compliance with EMC Directive 2014/30/EC

Electromagnetic compatibility is the ability of equipment to operate normally in an electromagnetic environment without causing unacceptable electromagnetic interference to other equipment in that environment.

The EMC directive differs from most other CE marking directives in that its main requirement is the functionality of the equipment and the protection of the electromagnetic spectrum, rather than the safety of the equipment.

Most finished electrical products must meet the requirements, regardless of whether they are battery or mains powered. Exceptions include (but are not limited to) components and assemblies that do not have an essential function and products already covered by other directives.

The directive states that products must not emit unwanted electromagnetic pollution (interference) and must be immune to normal levels of interference. Compliance with these requirements is normally demonstrated by testing to agreed standards, but testing is optional and the manufacturer may choose to provide a technical assessment of compliance as an alternative.

EU legislation

The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (2014/30/EU) was published in 2014. It entered into force on 20 April 2016 and immediately replaced the previous Directive.

Compliance Low Voltage Directive (LVD) directive

The European Union's Low Voltage Directive (LVD) ensures that the voltage limits set for electrical equipment include protection against electric shock and other hazards. Manufacturers and distributors who want to sell electrical equipment in the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA) must certify that their products comply with the relevant regulations. Once approved, they can CE mark their products, allowing them to be sold anywhere in the EU and EEA.

The directive applies to electrical equipment intended for use with a nominal voltage between 50 and 1000 volts for alternating current (AC) or between 75 and 1500 volts for direct current (DC).

The Low Voltage Directive applies to manufacturers of electrical equipment (operating within the voltage limits mentioned above) who intend to sell their products in Europe. Regardless of where you are located, if you are exporting a product to the European market, you must comply with this directive.

EU legislation

The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2014/35/EU was published on 26 February 2014 and is applicable from 20 April 2016.

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